Bruno Gomes Guimarães


This paper delves into the foreign policy of the United States of America towards the South American continent. Using the duality between the Monroe Doctrine and the Manifest Destiny as ideas that influence the US foreign policy, it seeks to analyze the logic behind the US policy towards South America in the 20th century, identifying interests and trends for the 21st century. The framework of analysis is based on offensive realism and geopolitics of South America. After a brief description of the theories, the paper describes the history of US foreign policy for South America in the early 20th century, during the Cold War and contemporarily. It concludes that the US has historically fostered the rivalry between Brazil and Argentina to hinder the integration of the region and that currently it props up integration processes that challenge the already established ones. On the international level, the US foreign policy has sought to balance off external powers, such as the Soviet Union and the Nazi Germany. For the 21st century, two alternatives are at hand: maintaining US primacy through buck-passing with a partnership with Brazil or by trying to politically split South American countries and hamper their integration process.

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ISSN: 2176-9907